International Migration and Development
“Stockholm Agenda” on migrant and migration-related goals and targets in post-2015 global and national development agendas
The Stockholm calls for the integration of migrants and migration into the post-2015 development agenda “to address not only the contributions that migrants make to development in countries of origin and destination, but also the possibilities for better policy planning and coherence that can make migration more genuinely a choice and not a necessity, and greater gain than drain.”
Migration and Sustainable Development
Goals: A Post-2015 Call to Action
On 25-27 September 2015, the General Assembly of the UN will be adopting a new framework for sustainable development goals and targets to replace the set of eight “Millennium Development Goals” (MDGs) that expire this year. A new policy framework with universal goals, covering all countries and all populations - including the 232 million migrants, their families and communities.
Migrants Children's Issues
It is estimated that globally 1 million children are affected by immigration detention (Hamilton et al., 2011). Children at risk of immigration detention include those traveling with family members, unaccompanied minor children, asylum-seeking and refugee children, and children whose parents are seeking asylum or refugee status (Farmer, 2013).
Migration and Protection at Sea
As in other moments in history—including the histories of many of our own countries, people are being driven across borders by armed conflict, political repression, and economic destitution. Some are so desperate that they risk their lives boarding unseaworthy boats to cross the Mediterranean and other seas; thousands upon thousands are dying in front of our eyes.
Saving lives, putting solutions together for Boat People
The International Catholic Migration Commission, with the support of 125 civil societies, including the Congregation of the Mission, orally presented the following statement to the Human Rights Council:
In the past twenty years, at least 15,000 people have died trying to reach Europe's shores from Africa and the Middle East. Many of those who died were refugees and asylum seekers, women and children, human beings fleeing wars, abject chaos and despair.
The Mediterranean Sea crossing is the world’s most deadly, with 3,500 deaths recorded just last year. In one recent incident, more than 300 people drowned with another 29 dying of hypothermia as their rescuers took them to Lampedusa.
Such tragedy was widely predicted a few months ago when Europe failed to pick up its share of the budget and mission of Italy’s important Mare Nostrum search and rescue operation. Though Mare Nostrum by itself was not a comprehensive response to the increasing crisis in the Mediterranean, Operation Triton, its replacement, was actually launched with a much smaller mandate and resources.
The International Catholic Migration Commission and Associazione Comunità Papa Giovanni XXIII, within the group of 125 civil society organizations listed on both sides of this statement, ask the European Union and others to urgently effect a real change in migration policies.
The Mediterranean is not only “Mare Nostrum” (our sea); these are “Fratres Nostri”: our brothers and sisters in these boats and dying. So many deaths can be prevented if Europe would continue Italy’s priority to save lives first—i.e., with real search and rescue. Border enforcement approaches that lack this priority neither protect the fundamental human right to life nor respect international and regional treaties that require protection: for those fleeing persecution, serious human rights violations and torture; for those abused by human traffickers or smugglers; and for children.
Alongside efforts at political solutions and development that address root causes of this migration, wider resettlement, labour migration and humanitarian channels are needed so that people fleeing for survival do not have to seek help from human traffickers and smugglers, suffer so much, and die.
States, international agencies and civil society have collaborated on this before: it is time to re-animate cooperation that offered so much relief a generation ago to boat people in Southeast Asia, including robust resettlement and visas for safe, orderly migration within a Comprehensive Plan of Action. It is also time to fix the Dublin Regulation for greater solidarity, humanity and consistency in providing asylum across Europe. Among other things, asylum seekers should no longer be forced back to the country of first access to ask for asylum.
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